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Indigenous Data Sovereignty

Inter-Tribal Council of Michigan

The National Native American Boarding School Healing Coalition

Ziibiwing Center of Anishinabe Culture & Lifeways

Works Cited


Eve Tuck, (n.d)

Graham, L. (2021, June 4). Saginaw Chippewa tribe honors children who died after U.S. forced them into boarding school. Michigan Radio.

Janzer, C. (2021, June 8) Water protectors intensify campaign to shut down line 3 oil pipeline. Sierra. Retrieved from:

Juarez, Ruben.  (2021, June 3). GR vigil honors lives of Indigenous children found at boarding school.

Martin, M. (host). (2019, October 12). U.S. apology to Native Americans: Unnecessary or not enough? NPR. Retrieved from:

Michigan Radio. (2015, September 28). Native American boarding schools have nearly killed Michigan’s native language.

Nailhed. "The Indian Schools, and America's Genocide." Retrieved November 23, 2021.

Native News Online. (2021, June 3). Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe of Michigan to pay respect to those lost in Indian board schools virtually on Friday.

Protocols for Native American Archival Materials. (2007, April 9).

Schnaz, J. (2021, August 21). Michigan’s ties to horrors of Native boarding schools run deep, span generations. WXYZ.

Smith, Andrea. "Soul Wound: The Legacy of Native American Schools", Amnesty Magazine, from Amnesty International website, "Archived copy". Archived from the original on February 8, 2006. Retrieved February 8, 2006.

Stebbins, L.G. (2021, August 14). Pain and resilience: The Legacy of Native American boarding schools in Michigan. Michigan Advance.

[Thank you card], Correspondence 1981 - 2016, Box 1, Warren Petoskey papers, Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan. Retrieved from:;focusrgn=bioghist;subview=standard;view=reslist

Tuck, Eve. (2009). Suspending Damage: A Letter to Communities. Harvard Educational Review, vol 79(3), 409-428.

Walker, H. (2021, August 1). “Children did die here”: Michigan’s Indigenous Boarding Schools.

Warren Petoskey. (2021)

Warren Petoskey Papers: Biography. (n.d.). Bentley Historical Library. Retrieved December 7, 2021, from;focusrgn=bioghist;subview=standard;view=reslist

U.S. Department of the Interior. (n.d.). Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (U.S. National Park Service). National Parks Service.  

U.S. Indian School, Mt. Pleasant, Mich. (1913). Clarke Digital Collections.