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Citizens of PLATO Digital Archive

Works Cited

Brilmyer, Gracen. (2018) “Archival assemblages: applying disability studies’ political/relational model to archival description,” Archival Science, 18 (2): 95-118.

Cotera, Maria. (2015) “Invisibility Is an Unnatural Disaster: Feminist Archival Praxis After the Digital Turn,” South Atlantic Quarterly, 114 (4): 781-801.

Dear, Brian. (2017) The Friendly Orange Glow: The Untold Story of the Rise of Cyberculture.  New York: Vintage Books.

Duff, Wendy M. and Harris, Verne. (2002) “Stories and Names: Archival Description as Narrating Records and Constructing Meanings,” Archival Science, 2: 263-285.

Fedo, Michael. (1979, January 7) How Control Data Turns a Profit on Its Good Works; Making It Work; Learning From PLATO; Providing 'Wheels'; AT A GLANCE; () Control Data, The New York Times, F3. Retrieved from

Mattock, Lindsay K. and Mattern, Eleanor. (2015) “Looking at Archives in Cinema: Recent Representations of Records in Motion Pictures,” in Cox, et. al. Archival Research and Education: Selected Papers from the 2014 AERI Conference. Sacramento: Litwin Books.

Norris, William C. (1977-1982) "Technology: Our Tireless Servant," from Control Data Corporation Records: William C. Norris Executive Papaers, 1946-1995 [CBI 80, Series 9, Box 22]. Charles Babbage Institute, University of Minnesota Libraries. Retrieved from

Rankin, Joy Lisi. (2017, April 26) "Performing Gender on PLATO," in Command Lines: Performing Identity and Embedding Bias. Computer History Museum. YouTube. Retrieved from

Rankin, Joy Lisi. (2018) A People’s History of Computing in the United States. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Van Meer, Elisabeth. (2003, November 5) “PLATO: From Computer-Based Education to Corporate Social Responsibility”.  Iterations: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Software History.  Charles Babbage Institute, University of Minnesota Libraries. Retrieved from

Yakel, Elizabeth. (2003) “Archival Representation,” Archival Science, 3 (1): 1-25.

Yost, Jeffrey R. (2020) Control Data Corporation. The Minnesota Computing History Project. Retrieved from